How to Install Laravel on Ubuntu 22.04 with Nginx

In this tutorial, i am going to show you how to install and configure laravel on ubuntu 22.04 with nginx.

How To Install and Configure Laravel with Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04

Use the below given steps to install and configure laravel with Nginx on ubuntu 22.04:

  • Step 1 – Install Required PHP Modules
  • Step 2 – Creating a Database for Laravel
  • Step 3 – Install Composer in Ubuntu 22.04
  • Step 4 – Install Laravel in Ubuntu 22.04
  • Step 5 – Configure Laravel in Ubuntu 22.04
  • Step 6 – Configure NGINX to Serve Laravel Application
  • Step 7 – Accessing Laravel Application from a Web Browser

Step 1 – Install Required PHP Modules

Start terminal and run the following command on terminal to install required php modules:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt php-common php-json php-mbstring php-zip php-xml php-tokenizer

Step 2 – Creating a Database for Laravel

Create a MySQL database for Laravel application; so run the following command on command line to create database for laravel app:

$ sudo mysql
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE laraveldb;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON laraveldb.* to 'webmaster'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'tecmint';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> quit

Step 3 – Install Composer in Ubuntu 22.04

Run following command to install composer (a dependency manager for PHP) on ubuntu 22.04 system:

$ curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
$ sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer
$ sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/composer

Step 4 – Install Laravel in Ubuntu 22.04

Once the composer installation has been done; run the following command on command line to install laravel apps in ubuntu 22.04 system:

$ cd /var/www/html
$ composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel example.com

Step 5 – Configure Laravel in Ubuntu 22.04

Now configure laravel apps using the following commands:

Set permissions on the Laravel directory by running the following command:

$ sudo chown -R :www-data /var/www/html/example.com/storage/
$ sudo chown -R :www-data /var/www/html/example.com/bootstrap/cache/
$ sudo chmod -R 0777 /var/www/html/example.com/storage/

he default .env contains a default application key but you need to generate a new one for your laravel deployment for security purposes.

$ sudo php artisan key:generate

Also need to configure the Laravel database connection details in .env by running the following command on terminal:

$ sudo nano /var/www/html/example.com/.env

Step 6 – Configure NGINX to Serve Laravel Application

Create a server block for it within the NGINX configuration, under the /etc/nginx/sites-available/ directory:

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/example.com.conf

Also, set the fastcgi_pass directive should point to the medium PHP-FPM is listening on for requests (for example fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock):

server{
        server_name www.example.com;
        root        /var/www/html/example.com/public;
        index       index.php;

        charset utf-8;
        gzip on;
        gzip_types text/css application/javascript text/javascript application/x-javascript  image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon;
        location / {
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
        }

        location ~ \.php {
                include fastcgi.conf;
                fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
                fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
        }
        location ~ /\.ht {
                deny all;
        }
}

Save the file and then enable the Laravel site configuration by creating a link from /etc/nginx/sites-available/example.com.conf to the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/ directory. Besides, remove the default server block configuration.

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/example.com.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
$ sudo rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

Next, check if the NGINX configuration syntax is correct by running the following command before restarting the service.

$ sudo nginx -t
$ sudo systemctl restart nginx

Step 7 – Accessing Laravel Application from a Web Browser

Now open a web browser on the local computer and use the following address to navigate.

http://www.example.com/

Conclusion

In this tutorial, i have shown to you how to install and configure laravel on ubuntu 22.04 with nginx.

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