JavaScript Convert String to Array

To convert comma separated string to array JavaScript; Through this tutorial, i am going to show you how to convert strings to arrays & split string by comma separated array in javaScript with split() method.

Remember you have a string, it has any special character, separator, then the string itself is comma separated. so don’t worry. In this tutorial I will show you how to convert your string to array in javaScript by delimeters.

Convert String to Array JavaScript

To convert string to array in JavaScript using split method; as shown below:

Split() Method JavaScript

JavaScript’s string split method returns an array of substrings obtained by splitting a string on a separator you specify. The separator can be a string or a regular expression.

Syntax of JavaScript of Split() Method

 The syntax of the function is as follows:

str.split(separator, limit) 

Parameter & Values of JavaScript Split() Method

separatorOptional. Specifies the character, or the regular expression, to use for splitting the string. If omitted, the entire string will be returned (an array with only one item)
limitOptional. An integer that specifies the number of splits, items after the split limit will not be included in the array

Example 1 – How to Convert Comma Separated String into an Array in JavaScript

See the following example for To convert comma-separated string into an array in JavaScript; as shown below:

var string = 'hello, world, test, test2, rummy, words';
var arr = string.split(', '); // split string on comma space
console.log( arr );
["hello", "world", "test", "test2", "rummy", "words"]

Example 2 – How to convert string into an array using Separator in javascript

If you do not pass a separator argument to the method to be split, the resulting array will contain a single element that contains the entire string:

  var arr = str.split(); // no separator passed to split
  console.log( arr ); 
// Output

Example 3 – Split() – Empty String Separator:

If you pass an empty string as a separator, each character in the string will create an element in the return array:

  var arr = str.split(''); // using the empty string separator
  console.log( arr );
  //(26) ["A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G", "H", "I", "J", "K", "L", "M", "N", "O", "P", "Q", "R", "S", "T", "U", "V", "W", "X", "Y", "Z"]

Example 4 – Remove Separator and Convert String to Array In JavaScript

If a separator is found at the beginning or end of a string, the first and last elements of the resulting array may be empty strings:

  var str = 'A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z';
  var arr = str.split('|'); // using the empty string separator
  console.log( arr );
  //(26) ["A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G", "H", "I", "J", "K", "L", "M", "N", "O", "P", "Q", "R", "S", "T", "U", "V", "W", "X", "Y", "Z"]

Example 5 – Convert String into Array using Regular Expression Separator In JavaScript

I will use separator and it can be a regular expression:

var str = 'favorite desserts: brownies, banana bread, ice cream, chocolate chip cookies';
// regular expression separator
var re = /:\s|,\s/; // split on colon space or comma space
var ar = str.split(re);
console.log( ar );
// [ "favorite desserts", "brownies", "banana bread", "ice cream", "chocolate chip cookies" ]

Example 6 – String Split with Limit Argument in JavaScript

An optional second argument to the partition method sets a limit on the number of elements in a given array:

  var arr = str.split('', 5);  // with limit
  console.log( arr );
  //(5) ["A", "B", "C", "D", "E"]

Example 6 – How do you split a string, breaking at a particular character or array in javascript

To break a string into a particular character or split string by comma using the javascript split() method; as shown below:

    var str = "This-javascript-tutorial-string-split-method-examples."
    var result = str.split('-'); 
    document.getElementById("show").innerHTML = result; 


To split string in javaScript; Through this tutorial, you have learned how to convert comma-separated strings into an array in javascript using the split method. Also, you have learned different technic for convert string into an array in javascript.

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